Barley is a magnificently flexible oat grain with a rich nutlike flavor and an engaging chewy, pasta-like consistency. All in whole grain, barley provides fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Consuming a diet rich in whole grains may help decrease the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, certain types of cancer, and other chronic health concerns. Barley is an individual member of the grass family, is a significant cereal grain developed in temperate climates globally. It was one of the primarily developed grains, particularly in Eurasia as early as 10,000 years ago.